Algicid Plus(Sodium alginate, Sodium bicarbonate and Calcium carbonate)

Algicid Plus(Sodium alginate, Sodium bicarbonate and Calcium carbonate)

Therapeutic Group: Gastro Intestinal Disorders

Algicid Plus Presentation

Algicid Plus Suspension: Each 5 ml contains 250 mg sodium alginate, 133.5 mg sodium bicarbonate and 80 mg calcium carbonate

Algicid Plus Description

On ingestion the product reacts rapidly with gastric acid to form a raft of alginic acid gel having a near neutral pH and which floats on the stomach contents, quickly and effectively impeding gastrooesophageal reflux, for up to 4 hours. In severe cases the raft itself may be refluxed into the esophagus, in preference to the stomach contents, and exert a demulcent effect.

Algicid Plus Indications

Gastric reflux, heartburn, flatulence associated with gastric reflux, heartburn of pregnancy, all cases of epigastric and retrosternal distress where the underlying cause is gastric reflux

Dosage & Administration

For oral administration.
Adults and children over 12 years: 10-20ml after meals and at bedtime.
Elderly: No dosage modification is required in this age group.
Children 6 to 12 years: 5-10ml after meals and at bedtime.
Children under 6 years: Not recommended

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Precautions

If symptoms do not improve after seven days, the clinical situation should be reviewed. Each 10 ml dose has a sodium content of 141 mg (6.2 mmol). This should be taken
into account when a highly restricted salt diet is recommended e.g. in some cases of congestive cardiac failure and renal impairment. Each 10 ml dose contains 160 mg (1.6 mmol) of calcium carbonate. Care needs to be
taken in treating patients with hypercalcaemia, nephrocalcinosis and recurrent calcium containing renal calculi. Contains methyl parahydroxybenzoate (E218) and propyl parahydroxybenzoate (E216) which may cause allergic reactions.

Use in Pregnancy & Lactation

Pregnancy:
Clinical studies in more than 500 pregnant women as well as a large amount of data from post marketing experience indicate no malformative nor feto/ neonatal toxicity of the active substances. Algicid Plus can be used during pregnancy, if clinically needed.
Breast feeding:
No effects of the active substances have been shown in breastfed newborns/infants of treated mothers.
Algicid Plus can be used during breast-feeding.

Drug Interaction

A time-interval of 2 hours should be considered between Algicid Plus intake and the administration of other medicinal products, especially tetracyclines, digoxine,
fluoroquinolone, iron salt, ketoconazole, neuroleptics, thyroid hormones, penicillamine, beta-blockers (atenolol, metoprolol, propanolol), glucocorticoid, chloroquine and
biphosphonates and estramustine

Over Dose

Over dosage with this formulation is a rare case. In case of overdose please consult with a registered physician.

Storage

Do not store above 30 o C. Keep away from light and out of the reach of children

Commercial Pack

Algicid Plus suspension: Bottle containing 200 ml of suspension.

FAQ: 

1.What is sodium alginate sodium bicarbonate calcium carbonate?
Answer: Sodium alginate, a natural polysaccharide, has been used for heartburn and acid reflux. It effectively provides physical barriers to acidic gastric contents and can significantly reduce reflux episodes. Sodium bicarbonate and calcium carbonate are antacids that neutralize acid in the stomach.

2.What is the use of sodium alginate sodium bicarbonate and calcium carbonate oral suspension?

Answer : The medicinal product is a combination of two antacids (calcium carbonate and sodium bicarbonate) and an alginate. Calcium carbonate neutralises gastric acid to provide fast relief from indigestion and heartburn. This effect is increased by the addition of sodium bicarbonate which also has a neutralising action.

3.Is calcium carbonate same as sodium bicarbonate?

Answer : The sodium bicarbonate version is widely available as “baking soda” and is commonly used in baking, but none of the recipes in this book use it as an ingredient. The calcium carbonate version of baking soda is sometimes sold as “baking soda substitute” and sometimes referred to as simply “baking soda.”

4.What does sodium alginate do in Gaviscon?

Answer : Gaviscon works quite differently from a simple antacid. It contains an ingredient, sodium alginate, which forms a gel that floats to the top of the stomach contents. This acts as a barrier to stop acid refluxing into the oesophagus while leaving the acidity of the stomach relatively unchanged.

5.What are the side effects of sodium alginate?

Answer : COMMON side effects
  • constipation.
  • taste impairment.
  • nausea.
  • vomiting.
  • stomach cramps.
  • diarrhea.

6.What medications should not be taken with antacids?

Answer : Antacids taken with drugs such as pseudoephedrine (Sudafed, Semprex D, Clarinex-D 12hr, Clarinex-D 24hr, , Deconsal, Entex PSE, Claritin D, and more), and levodopa (Dopar), increase absorption of the drugs and can cause toxicity/adverse events due to increased blood levels of the drugs.

7.What happens when you mix sodium carbonate and calcium carbonate?

Answer : Explanation: Calcium chloride, CaCl2 , a soluble ionic compound, and sodium carbonate, Na2CO3 , also a soluble ionic compound, will react to form calcium carbonate, CaCO3 , an insoluble solid that precipitates out of solution, and sodium chloride, another soluble ionic compound.

8.What is the difference between calcium bicarbonate and calcium carbonate?

9.What is the difference between sodium carbonate and sodium bicarbonate?

Answer : Sodium carbonate is made up of sodium and acid. Sodium bicarbonate comes with sodium, acid and hydrogen. Sodium carbonate is a basic salt which is made of a strong base(NaOH) and weak acid (H2CO3). When treated with acid it is converted into sodium bicarbonate.

10.Can I drink water after taking Gaviscon?

Answer : Gaviscon comes as a chewable tablet or liquid to take by mouth. For the medication to work properly, you need to chew the tablets thoroughly and should not swallow them whole. Drink a full glass of water after taking the tablets.

11.What is the side effect of Gaviscon?

Answer : This medication can cause nausea, constipation, diarrhea, or headache. If these symptoms persist or become severe, notify your doctor. If your doctor has directed you to use this medication, remember that your doctor has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects.
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